When you travel to Iran, visit Soltanieh Dome lying near abhar province. It is the biggest structure of its kind made with bricks.
UNESCO has approved it to be registered as a World Heritage Site. The monument was world's tallest building of its time and ranks third currently after Saint Mary church in Florence and Aya Sofia Mosque in Istanbul.
With a height of 54 meters, the dome is the tallest among major historical sites in Iran. The entire structure of the building consists of three parts, such as, mausoleum, dome chamber and vault. The dome chamber attracts many visitors with Islamic inscriptions and the chamber decorated with a traditional Persian art, muqarnas.
Structure of the Building
Many people visit Soltanieh Dome to see an ancient structure made during the reign of Sultan Mohammad Khoda Bandeh (Oljaito). Inside the structure, you can see 8 elevated porticoes and about 50 chambers. It also includes an area that is designed like a hall attached to the main building called Tor. The dome weighing 200 tons is placed on pillars, each bearing an area of 50 square meters individually. A mixture of gypsum with a minimal proportion of limestone was used for the construction of the historical dome.
When you travel to Iran, you can observe the unique double-shell structure used for constructing lots of domes. Two approximately parallel and completely separate brick layers were built and connected with buttresses providing the dome with a unique architectural design. This is a very attractive feature bringing many international tourists to Iran to visit Soltanieh Dome. The architecture is also believed to have a huge impact on some later Muslim cupola constructions including Taj Mahal in Agra, India.
Inscriptions and Decorations
The structure also contains the tomb of sultan Mohammad Khodabandeh built during the fourteenth century under Mongols ruling in Iran by the name of Ilkhanids. However, the original tomb was severely damaged and was repaired in the seventeenth century on the order of Shah Abbas.
You can see the mausoleum located above the vault containing the sultan's body adorned with Kufic and Sols inscriptions, and exquisite arabesque decorations. The mosaics, faience and murals are retained perfectly inside the interior in spite of the passing of centuries and you can observe these when visiting Soltanieh Dome. But the exterior of the mausoleum carries the various marks indicating the passage of time.
برچسب ها: ابهر، سین هشتم، هفت سین، جشنواره، نوروز، عید، سلطانیه،